Writes, overwrites or appends a data frame to a database table, optionally converting row names to a column and specifying SQL data types for fields.

dbWriteTable(conn, name, value, ...)

Arguments

conn

A DBIConnection object, as returned by dbConnect().

name

A character string specifying the unquoted DBMS table name, or the result of a call to dbQuoteIdentifier().

value

a data.frame (or coercible to data.frame).

...

Other parameters passed on to methods.

Value

dbWriteTable() returns TRUE, invisibly. If the table exists, and both append and overwrite arguments are unset, or append = TRUE and the data frame with the new data has different column names, an error is raised; the remote table remains unchanged.

An error is raised when calling this method for a closed or invalid connection. An error is also raised if name cannot be processed with dbQuoteIdentifier() or if this results in a non-scalar. Invalid values for the additional arguments row.names, overwrite, append, field.types, and temporary (non-scalars, unsupported data types, NA, incompatible values, duplicate or missing names, incompatible columns) also raise an error.

Additional arguments

The following arguments are not part of the dbWriteTable() generic (to improve compatibility across backends) but are part of the DBI specification:

  • row.names (default: NA)

  • overwrite (default: FALSE)

  • append (default: FALSE)

  • field.types (default: NULL)

  • temporary (default: FALSE)

They must be provided as named arguments. See the "Specification" and "Value" sections for details on their usage.

Specification

The name argument is processed as follows, to support databases that allow non-syntactic names for their objects:

If the overwrite argument is TRUE, an existing table of the same name will be overwritten. This argument doesn't change behavior if the table does not exist yet.

If the append argument is TRUE, the rows in an existing table are preserved, and the new data are appended. If the table doesn't exist yet, it is created.

If the temporary argument is TRUE, the table is not available in a second connection and is gone after reconnecting. Not all backends support this argument. A regular, non-temporary table is visible in a second connection and after reconnecting to the database.

SQL keywords can be used freely in table names, column names, and data. Quotes, commas, and spaces can also be used in the data, and, if the database supports non-syntactic identifiers, also for table names and column names.

The following data types must be supported at least, and be read identically with dbReadTable():

  • integer

  • numeric (the behavior for Inf and NaN is not specified)

  • logical

  • NA as NULL

  • 64-bit values (using "bigint" as field type); the result can be converted to a numeric, which may lose precision,

  • character (in both UTF-8 and native encodings), supporting empty strings

  • factor (returned as character)

  • list of raw (if supported by the database)

  • objects of type blob::blob (if supported by the database)

  • date (if supported by the database; returned as Date)

  • time (if supported by the database; returned as objects that inherit from difftime)

  • timestamp (if supported by the database; returned as POSIXct with time zone support)

Mixing column types in the same table is supported.

The field.types argument must be a named character vector with at most one entry for each column. It indicates the SQL data type to be used for a new column.

The interpretation of rownames depends on the row.names argument, see sqlRownamesToColumn() for details:

  • If FALSE or NULL, row names are ignored.

  • If TRUE, row names are converted to a column named "row_names", even if the input data frame only has natural row names from 1 to nrow(...).

  • If NA, a column named "row_names" is created if the data has custom row names, no extra column is created in the case of natural row names.

  • If a string, this specifies the name of the column in the remote table that contains the row names, even if the input data frame only has natural row names.

See also

Other DBIConnection generics: DBIConnection-class, dbDataType, dbDisconnect, dbExecute, dbExistsTable, dbGetException, dbGetInfo, dbGetQuery, dbIsValid, dbListFields, dbListResults, dbListTables, dbReadTable, dbRemoveTable, dbSendQuery, dbSendStatement

Examples

con <- dbConnect(RSQLite::SQLite(), ":memory:") dbWriteTable(con, "mtcars", mtcars[1:5, ]) dbReadTable(con, "mtcars")
#> mpg cyl disp hp drat wt qsec vs am gear carb #> 1 21.0 6 160 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> 2 21.0 6 160 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> 3 22.8 4 108 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> 4 21.4 6 258 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> 5 18.7 8 360 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2
dbWriteTable(con, "mtcars", mtcars[6:10, ], append = TRUE) dbReadTable(con, "mtcars")
#> mpg cyl disp hp drat wt qsec vs am gear carb #> 1 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> 2 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> 3 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> 4 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> 5 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> 6 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> 7 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> 8 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> 9 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> 10 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4
dbWriteTable(con, "mtcars", mtcars[1:10, ], overwrite = TRUE) dbReadTable(con, "mtcars")
#> mpg cyl disp hp drat wt qsec vs am gear carb #> 1 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> 2 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> 3 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> 4 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> 5 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> 6 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> 7 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> 8 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> 9 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> 10 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4
# No row names dbWriteTable(con, "mtcars", mtcars[1:10, ], overwrite = TRUE, row.names = FALSE) dbReadTable(con, "mtcars")
#> mpg cyl disp hp drat wt qsec vs am gear carb #> 1 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> 2 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> 3 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> 4 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> 5 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> 6 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> 7 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> 8 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> 9 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> 10 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4